A word from our President...
Nepal is known all over the world for its natural beauty. Even though it is very rich in natural resources, Nepal’s financial situation is poor due to the ongoing instability of the country and lack of good governance. Our country is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world--out of 186 countries our country is 156th as measured by GDP per capita according to the World Bank in 2015.
In the beautiful mountains of the Himalayas, however, live some of the most simple and beautiful folks of Nepal. With the limited resources available in rural villages, many villagers are trapped in poverty. With no proper birth control, most families have more children than they can feed. In a male-dominated society, girls are considered liabilities because when they get married, parents have to prepare a handsome dowry for them. In a country whose economy is almost nonexistent, an extra mouth to feed becomes a heavy burden to the family. So, many parents are willing to get rid of their girls by marrying them off at a young age to almost any man. Thus, many Nepalese girls fall into the clutches of greedy middlemen who later sell them to brothels in India that use them as sex-slaves.
Many of the girls are barely nine or ten years old. 200,000 to over 250,000 Nepalese women and girls are already in Indian brothels. The girls are sold by poor parents, tricked into fraudulent marriages, or promised employment in towns only to find themselves in India's brothels. They're locked up for days, starved, beaten, and burned with cigarettes until they learn how to service up to 25 clients a day. Some girls go through 'training' before being initiated into prostitution, which can include constant exposure to pornographic films, tutorials in how to 'please' customers, and repeated rapes.
Trafficking in women and girls is easy along the 1,740 mile-long open border between India and Nepal. Trafficking Nepalese women and girls is less risky than smuggling even narcotics into India. Traffickers ferry large groups of girls at a time without the hassle of paperwork or threats of police checks. The procurer-pimp-police network makes the process even smoother. Bought for as little as 1,000 Nepalese rupees, or just a bit more than nine US dollars, girls have been known to fetch up to Rs 30,000 ($282) in later transactions. Police are paid by brothel owners to ignore the situation. Girls may not leave the brothels until they have repaid their debt, at which time they are sick with HIV and/or tuberculosis, and often have children of their own.
The areas used by traffickers to procure women and girls are the isolated districts of Sindhupalchowk, Nuwakot, Makwanpur, Dhading and Kavrepalanchowk, Nepal where the population is largely illiterate.
Even when they are allowed to be released, most of them cannot return back to their homes in Nepal as it is considered a real disgrace and embarrassment to have daughters who have become prostitutes. Therefore, many remain in India and continue to work in the red light district. Some who are willing to leave the trade find it impossible to get a job.